What is biomass and other useful information
What is biomass?
Biomass is the organic matter produced by plants. The solar energy trapped by these plants can be converted to electricity or fuel.
How is biomass used?
Using advanced technology and bio mass, we are able to generate electricity, heat, and fuels that have much lower environmental impacts than fossil fuels such as oil or gas.
What are the benefits of using biomass for energy generation?
As with many other renewable energy sources, biomass is capable of simultaneously addressing the nation's energy, environmental, and economic needs.
How does it work?
Organic waste is put into a sealed tank called a digester (or bioreactor) where it is heated and agitated. In the absence of oxygen anaerobic bacteria consume the organic matter to multiply and produce biogas.
How much biogas can you get from waste?
The exact amount of biogas does depend on the equipment and the quality of the waste, but it is possible to obtain anything between 20 cubic metres to over 200 cubic metres of biogas per tonne of waste.
How much energy is in biogas?
Each cubic metre of biogas may contain as much as 6 kWh (Kilowatt hour) of calorific energy. However, some of this energy is lost when we convert it in to electricity in the form of heat. This heat can be used for other applcations. Around 2 kWh is useable electricity, which is enough to power a 100W lightbulb for around a day.